Determinants of Gender Differences in Health Among Elderly in Latin America

Posted: 25 Jun 2007

See all articles by Antonio J. Trujillo

Antonio J. Trujillo

University of Central Florida

Thomas A. Mroz

Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

John A. Vernon

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

This paper identifies the main gender differences in health and socio-economic characteristics of the elderly in four Latin American cities. Using locally-weighted regressions as well a flexible model specification that treats age non-parametrically, we investigate whether these unadjusted gender gaps in health are due to gender differences in the distribution of age and other explanatory variables. Interestingly, for all countries, the analyses show a gender gap in health in favor of males at each age. The gaps are larger when one uses functional impairment in mobility and personal self-care as indicators of an individual's health instead of self-reported health. Furthermore, controlling for demographic characteristics, baseline health, and the availability of family support does little to change the disadvantage for women in measured health outcomes. Controlling for socio-economic variables does, however, reduce most the gender differences in health.

Keywords: Elderly, Health, Gender differentials, Caregivers, Latin American

Suggested Citation

Trujillo, Antonio J. and Mroz, Thomas A. and Vernon, John A., Determinants of Gender Differences in Health Among Elderly in Latin America. iHEA 2007 6th World Congress: Explorations in Health Economics Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=993619

Antonio J. Trujillo (Contact Author)

University of Central Florida ( email )

Department of Health Professions
HPA-2, Rm 210-L
Orlando, FL 32816-2200
United States

Thomas A. Mroz

Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

John A. Vernon

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill ( email )

102 Ridge Road
Chapel Hill, NC NC 27514
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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