The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and its Implications for Female Labor Force Participation

45 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2007

See all articles by Lidia Farré

Lidia Farré

Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) - Institute for Economic Analysis; Universidad de Alicante

Francis Vella

Georgetown University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: May 2007

Abstract

Using a sample of mother-child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and the Young Adults of the NLSY79 we explore the relationship between a woman's attitudes towards the role of females in the labor market and the attitudes of her children. We also examine whether this intergenerational cultural link has implications for the labor market behavior of the females in the NLSY79. We find that a woman's attitudes have a statistically significant effect on her children's views towards working women. Furthermore we find that this cultural transmission influences female labor market decisions. Our results imply that a woman's view regarding the role of females in the labor market and family not only affects the labor market force participation decision of her daughter, but also has an equally strong association with the labor force participation of the wife of her son. These results indicate that the transmission of gender role attitudes contributes to the persistence of economic status across generations.

Keywords: intergenerational cultural transmission, gender role attitudes, female labor force participation

JEL Classification: J12, J62, D1, Z1

Suggested Citation

Farré, Lidia and Vella, Francis, The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and its Implications for Female Labor Force Participation (May 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2802, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=994272

Lidia Farré

Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) - Institute for Economic Analysis ( email )

UAB Campus
E-08193 Bellaterra
Spain

Universidad de Alicante ( email )

Campus de San Vicente
Carretera San Vicente del Raspeig
San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante 03690
Spain

Francis Vella (Contact Author)

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-5573 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://explore.georgetown.edu/people/fgv/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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