East-West Migration and Gender: Is There a 'Double Disadvantage' vis-à-vis Stayers?

33 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2007

See all articles by Anzelika Zaiceva

Anzelika Zaiceva

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: May 2007

Abstract

This paper documents whether female East-West migrants in Germany after the reunification experience a gain or a disadvantage after they moved compared to both stayers and males. It employs panel data techniques to take account of unobserved heterogeneity. I find that migrant women after migration neither experience a drop in relative employment, nor lower relative hourly wages. They do, however, work less hours and have a lower annual income. The results also suggest that for them, the income effect dominates the substitution effect and they substitute market work with home production, specifically with childcare.

Keywords: migration, gender, panel data

JEL Classification: J16, J61, R23

Suggested Citation

Zaiceva, Anzelika, East-West Migration and Gender: Is There a 'Double Disadvantage' vis-à-vis Stayers? (May 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2810, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=995487

Anzelika Zaiceva (Contact Author)

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia ( email )

Viale A. Allegri 9
Modena, Modena 42121
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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