East-West Migration and Gender: Is There a 'Double Disadvantage' vis-à-vis Stayers?
33 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2007
Date Written: May 2007
This paper documents whether female East-West migrants in Germany after the reunification experience a gain or a disadvantage after they moved compared to both stayers and males. It employs panel data techniques to take account of unobserved heterogeneity. I find that migrant women after migration neither experience a drop in relative employment, nor lower relative hourly wages. They do, however, work less hours and have a lower annual income. The results also suggest that for them, the income effect dominates the substitution effect and they substitute market work with home production, specifically with childcare.
Keywords: migration, gender, panel data
JEL Classification: J16, J61, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation