Hiv/Aids and Social Capital in a Cross-Section of Countries

21 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Antonio C. David

Antonio C. David

World Bank - Policy Research Department; International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: June 1, 2007

Abstract

This paper attempts to quantify the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on social capital with cross-country data. It estimates reduced-form regressions of the main determinants of social capital controlling for HIV prevalence, institutional quality, social distance, and economic indicators using data from the World Values Survey. The results obtained indicate that HIV prevalence affects social capital negatively. The empirical estimates suggest that a one standard deviation increase in HIV prevalence will lead to a 1 percent decline in trust, controlling for other determinants of social capital. If one moves from a country with a relatively low level of HIV prevalence such as Estonia, to a country with a high level such as Zimbabwe, one would observe an approximate 8 percent decline in social capital. These results are robust in a number of dimensions and highlight the empirical importance of an additional mechanism through which HIV/AIDS hinders the development process.

Keywords: Economic Theory & Research, Social Capital, Inequality, HIV AIDS, Population Policies

Suggested Citation

David, Antonio C., Hiv/Aids and Social Capital in a Cross-Section of Countries (June 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4263, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=996169

Antonio C. David (Contact Author)

World Bank - Policy Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street
Washington, DC 20433
United States

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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