Determinants of Direct Democracy

23 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2007

See all articles by Nadia Fiorino

Nadia Fiorino

University of L'Aquila - Faculty of Economics

Roberto Ricciuti

University of Verona - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: June 2007

Abstract

This paper investigates on the demographic, economic, political and cultural determinants of direct democracy in 87 countries using an index of direct democracy. The test is interesting since there are important variations across these countries in the referendum and initiative use. We apply a number of estimation techniques. We find that per capita income, education and a larger share of Catholic population are positive determinants, whereas ethnic fractionalization is depending on the estimation technique. Political rights and stability also work as prerequisites to direct democracy. Direct democracy seems independent from the institutional structure.

Keywords: direct democracy, comparative politics, referendum

JEL Classification: H80

Suggested Citation

Fiorino, Nadia and Ricciuti, Roberto, Determinants of Direct Democracy (June 2007). CESifo Working Paper No. 2035. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=997799

Nadia Fiorino

University of L'Aquila - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Roio Poggio, 67040
Italy

Roberto Ricciuti (Contact Author)

University of Verona - Department of Economics ( email )

Via dell'Artigliere, 8
37129 Verona
Italy

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
331
Abstract Views
1,600
rank
93,382
PlumX Metrics