12 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2007
Date Written: June 2, 2007
What is the origin of Strategic Management leading towards national Welfare planning, development and optimisation all over the World?
This question opens a "Pandora's Box". It is significant that it is a key question to open up the knowledge of a world of ignorance, with some believing that strategic management is initiated by science and some as economics. The answer is the WAR that gave birth to the concepts of "Strategic Management". [Note - In Greek mythology, God Zeus - God of intelligence, like the Roman Jupiter - gave a box to "Pandora" (the first intelligent greek woman ever created), with the instructions that she should not open it. By her curiosity she opened it. All the miseries and evils (boxed for the good of the world) flew out to afflict mankind by asking questions, questions and questions].
First of all, the word "STRATEGY" itself is a proprietary property of the war mongers. Any peace loving person will continue his living by synchronizing his mind and body with the environment, the surroundings (including people, geography and the nature) and the nature. But people in conflict do not live in peace at any point of time. They always try to guess the probable movement of the enemies, always plan and innovative ways to over come their enemies. This war motivated innovation is the "Strategic" approach.
The war strategies are optimised target hitting experiences and these tactics could be applied to any peace time techno-commercial problems. Hence, they took shape as "Strategic Management Models". The best contributors are from the "Mahabharatha war" (3,102 BC), Artha Sasthra enunciated by Kautilya (4th Century BC), the First world war (1914-1918) and the Second world war (1939-1945).
This paper expalins this contributions in detail
Keywords: artha sasthra, chanakya, command, constraints, constructive, control, counter, duty, engineering, kautilya, knowledge, leadership, limitations, mahabharatha, management, minimisation, moral, network, objective, operations research, optimisation, technology, war 1, war 2
JEL Classification: C16, C41, C44, C61, C67, C93, D74, D81, D83, D84
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation