Generalized M-Vector Models for Hedging Interest Rate Risk
16 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2007
Date Written: January 2003
This paper generalizes the M-square and M-vector models (Fong and Fabozzi  and Nawalkha and Chambers ) by using a Taylor series expansion of the bond return function with respect to simple polynomial functions of the cash flow maturities. The classic M-vector computes the weighted averages of the distance between the maturity of each cash flow and the portfolio horizon, raised to integer powers (e.g., (t - H)^1, (t - H)^2, (t - H)^3, etc.). Implementation of the new approach involves computing the weighted averages of the distance between some polynomial function of the maturity of each cash flow and that of the portfolio horizon, raised to integer powers (e.g., (t^0.5 - H^0.5)^1, (t^0.5 - H^0.5)^2, (t^0.5 - H^0.5)^3, etc.). We test six different generalized M-vector models corresponding to six different polynomial functions. It is shown that polynomial functions of lower power (i.e., 0.25 or 0.5) provide significantly enhanced protection from interest rate risk, when higher-order generalized M-vector models are used.
Keywords: immunization, duration, interest rate, risk management, fixed income
JEL Classification: E43, G11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation