Child Labor and Schooling Response to Changes in Coca Production in Rural Peru

44 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2007

See all articles by Ana Dammert

Ana Dammert

McMaster University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: June 2007


Coca eradication and interdiction are the most common policies aimed at reducing the production and distribution of cocaine in the Andes, but little is known about their impact on households. This paper uses the shift in the production of coca leaves from Peru to Colombia in 1995 to analyze the indirect effects of the anti-coca policy on children's allocation of time. After different sensitivity checks, the results indicate that a decrease in coca production is associated with increases in work and hours children living in coca-growing states devote to work within and outside the household, with no effects on schooling outcomes. These findings suggest a previously undocumented indirect effect of drug policies on household behavior.

Keywords: child labor, schooling, coca production, Peru

JEL Classification: J13, J22, O15, R23

Suggested Citation

Dammert, Ana, Child Labor and Schooling Response to Changes in Coca Production in Rural Peru (June 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2869, Available at SSRN: or

Ana Dammert (Contact Author)

McMaster University ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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