In Pursuit of Happiness Research: Is it Reliable? What Does it Imply for Policy?

44 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2007


Happiness research studies the correlates of subjective well-being, generally through survey methods. A number of psychologists and social scientists have drawn upon this work recently to argue that the American model of relatively limited government and a dynamic market economy corrodes happiness, whereas Western European and Scandinavian-style social democracies promote it. This paper argues that happiness research in fact poses no threat to the relatively libertarian ideals embodied in the U.S. socioeconomic system.

Happiness research is seriously hampered by confusion and disagreement about the definition of its subject as well as the limitations inherent in current measurement techniques. In its present state, happiness research cannot be relied on as an authoritative source for empirical information about happiness.

Yet, even if we accept the data of happiness research at face value, few of the alleged redistributive policy implications actually follow from the evidence. The data show that neither higher rates of government redistribution nor lower levels of income inequality make us happier, whereas high levels of economic freedom and high average incomes are among the strongest correlates of subjective well-being. Even if we table the damning charges of questionable science and bad moral philosophy, the American model still comes off a glowing success in terms of happiness.

Keywords: Will Wilkinson, happiness research, subjective well-being, survey methods, limited government, american government, dynamic market economy, libertarian ideals, limitations, government redistribution, economic freedom, high average incomes, correlations

JEL Classification: A11, A13, A19, C89, C99, D63, L59

Suggested Citation

Wilkinson, Will, In Pursuit of Happiness Research: Is it Reliable? What Does it Imply for Policy?. Cato Institute Policy Analysis Series, No. 590, April 11, 2007, Available at SSRN:

Will Wilkinson (Contact Author)

Cato Institute ( email )

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