Marital Fertility and Religion: Recent Changes in Spain
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; Princeton University - Office of Population Research (OPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics
IZA Discussion Paper No. 1399
Since the onset of democracy in 1975, both total fertility and Mass attendance rates in Spain have dropped dramatically. I use the 1985 and 1999 Spanish Fertility Surveys to study whether the significance of religion in fertility behavior - both in family size and in the spacing of births - has changed. While in the 1985 SFS family size was similar among practicing and non-practicing Catholics, practicing Catholics portray significantly higher fertility during recent years. In the context of lower church participation, religiosity has acquired a more relevant meaning for demographic behavior. Among the youngest generation, non-practicing Catholics behave as those without affiliation. The small group of Protestants and Muslims has the highest fertility and interfaith unions are less fertile.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 41
Keywords: fertility, religion, religiosity, Spain, timing of births
JEL Classification: J1, Z21
Date posted: November 16, 2004