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Table of Contents

Social Media and New Politics in the Middle East

Yaron Katz, Holon Institute of Technology (HIT)

Regulatory Literacy: Rethinking Television Rating in the New Media Age

Tali Teeni-Harari, Peres Academic Center
Sharon Yadin, Peres Academic Center

Bad Actors: Authenticity, Inauthenticity, Speech and Capitalism

Sarah C. Haan, Washington and Lee University - School of Law

Ag-Gag Free Nation

Shaakirrah Sanders, University of Idaho - College of Law

Sponsored by Institute for the Study of the Judiciary,
Politics, and the Media (IJPM) at Syracuse University

"Social Media and New Politics in the Middle East" Free Download
Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Vol.2 No.3

YARON KATZ, Holon Institute of Technology (HIT)

Social media determined dramatic changes in the balance of political power in the Arab world and in Israel. In the new politics of the Middle East the political environment and the communications between people are different then what used to be before 2011. Two major civil demonstrations – the Arab Spring and the Israeli Social Justice movement - were motivated by the masses through social media and received tremendous media coverage. The revolutions proved that the internet is truly a powerful tool that changed the world in ways that no government can stop social movements. The research finds similarities between the uprisings in the Arab world and in Israel, which created a new environment of "new politics." The uprisings that began on Facebook, and Twitter changed the way societies function and caused governments to change old policies. Despite the long-lasting conflict in the Middle East, involving the Palestinian issue, which traditionally occupied governments and public agenda, the uprisings raised social and economic issues. The events started with isolated acts of young people through social media and brought together people from all walks of life and across all political spectrums. The legitimacy of the protest to be considered as social revolution came only after the media started live transmissions – global media of the Arab Spring and Israel's national media services of the Social Justice movement. This proves the crucial role of traditional media, since only after the social media revolution was accepted by the media, a new reality could be created, in which the public rather than governments and social media and not the traditional media are dictating public agenda and enforcing political changes.

"Regulatory Literacy: Rethinking Television Rating in the New Media Age" Free Download
University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 88, No. 2, 2019

TALI TEENI-HARARI, Peres Academic Center
SHARON YADIN, Peres Academic Center

Rating systems for the regulation of television programs currently address parents, advising them of the presence of content considered inappropriate for children so that they can screen what their children watch. However, today’s children increasingly choose television content on their own, as parental supervision is consistently declining. This essay argues that the existing regulatory regime for rating television content is unsuited to the present-day viewing styles of youngsters, and presents policy recommendations.

"Bad Actors: Authenticity, Inauthenticity, Speech and Capitalism" Free Download
University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Forthcoming

SARAH C. HAAN, Washington and Lee University - School of Law

“Authenticity? has evolved into an important “value? that guides social media companies’ regulation of online speech. It is enforced through rules and practices that include real-name policies, Terms of Service requiring users to present only accurate information about themselves, community guidelines that prohibit “coordinated inauthentic behavior,? verification practices, product features, and more. What accounts for the rise of authenticity? This Article critically examines authenticity regulation by the social media industry, including companies’ claims that authenticity is a moral virtue, an expressive value, and a pragmatic necessity. It explains how companies engaged in “information capitalism,? “data capitalism,? and “surveillance capitalism? derive economic value from authenticity regulation. It also explores how a regulatory focus on authenticity shapes our views about objectionable speech, upends traditional commitments to pseudonymous political expression, and encourages collaboration between the State and private companies. The Article concludes that “authenticity,? as conceptualized by the industry, is not an important value on par with privacy or dignity, but that it offers business value and many of the same opportunities for viewpoint discrimination that garden-variety content moderation does.

"Ag-Gag Free Nation" Free Download
Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 54, No. 491, 2019

SHAAKIRRAH SANDERS, University of Idaho - College of Law

This Article identifies the threat that agriculture security legislation — or ag-gag laws — pose to unauthorized animal and agribusiness workers. This Article advocates full recognition of First Amendment speech rights to unauthorized workers, especially in the ag-gag context, to counter the threat of coercion. Part I of this Article profiles unauthorized workers in the U.S. animal and agriculture industry. Part II discusses nationwide First Amendment litigation on ag-gag laws and describes how the effects on unauthorized workers has been largely ignored in the ag-gag debate. Part III theorizes how the right that ag-gag laws seek to protect weighs against the First Amendment rights of unauthorized workers.


About this eJournal

Sponsored by: Institute for the Study of the Judiciary, Politics, and the Media (IJPM) at Syracuse University.

Legal systems operate in a complex environment of principle, political pressure, and media coverage. The goal of the Law, Politics, and the Media subject eJournal is to distribute abstracts of working papers and articles that promote a more integrated understanding of law, courts, and their environment. To this end, the eJournal seeks scholarship that addresses any combination of legal, political, and media-related themes in the analysis of legal institutions, beliefs, and practices. The eJournal is open to work from the social sciences, the humanities, and the legal academy. Papers and articles that focus on the United States, as well as scholarship that is comparative or international in scope, are welcome.

Editor: Keith James Bybee, Syracuse University


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Law, Politics & the Media eJournal

Reporter, SCOTUSblog

John F. Kimberling Professor of Law, Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington

Supreme Court Correspondent, Legal Times/Incisive Media

Gordon Hirabayashi Professor for Advancement of Citizenship; Director, Comparative Law and Society Studies (CLASS) Center, University of Washington - Department of Political Science

William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Jurisprudence & Political Science, Amherst College