The SSRN developed the Anthropology & Archaeology Research Network with support from the American Anthropological Association (AAA). Founded in 1902, the AAA is the world's largest professional and scholarly society of anthropologists. AAA publishes 23 journals and a member magazine, supports professional development, and hosts several meetings and conferences each year to promote knowledge exchange and its use to solve human problems. Visit americananthro.org for additional information about the organization.
MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY eJOURNAL
"Adjudicating Death: Professionals or Politicians?"
NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-21
STEPHEN J. CHOI, New York University School of Law
G. MITU GULATI, Duke University School of Law
Variation exists in how death examinations take place in the United States. In some counties and states decisions about autopsies and the issuance of death certificates are made by a local coroner who often needs nothing more than a high school diploma to run for election to the job of coroner. Often such coroners are elected. In other counties and states, an appointed medical professional performs the death examination. We provide preliminary tests of the difference in performance between death examination offices run by appointed medical professionals compared with elected coroners. We find that death examiner offices in elected coroner states are less likely to be accredited by the major national organizations and correlate with greater amounts of autopsy related litigation. We also find some evidence that the historical shift from elected coroners to appointed medical professionals was more likely in states with less of a preference for direct democracy as proxied by the system of state supreme court judge selection.
"Feasibility of Assessing the Awareness of Cardiovascular Risk through Health Passport Approach: A Pilot Study"
CHRISMED J Health Res, Vol. 3(4), p. 273-8, October-Decmenber 2016
NILAMADHAB KAR, Black Country Partnerhsip NHS Foundation Trust
GAJENDRA KUMAR PARHI, Quality of Life Research and Development Foundation
SHREYAN KAR, Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust
BRAJA BALLAV KAR, KIIT University - School of Management
Background: The risk of cardiovascular disorders is high among the Indian population; however, the awareness about it seems to be a concern.
Aim: It was intended to study the feasibility of assessing the awareness of cardiovascular risk at a community level and providing the related information about remedial measures through a Health Passport approach.
Methods: Consecutive 38 individuals attending health camp were assessed for specific personal and family history of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. Current risk factors such as exercise, smoking, drug use, stress, and depression were ascertained, and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure were measured to assess the cardiovascular risk based on Framingham criteria. The individualized information along with some key health facts were provided to the participants in a document termed as Health Passport for their reference.
Results: There was a general lack of awareness regarding the cardiovascular risk factors in the studied sample. Most participants were above the threshold for blood pressure (65.8%), BMI (71.1%), and WC (73.7%) requiring specific action and more than half (57.9%) had higher cardiovascular risk. The assessment completed in a community set up with basic facilities could provide information regarding the existing risks prompting health actions. The participants considered the Health Passport as a comprehensive initial step toward improving their awareness.
Conclusion: It was feasible to assess the awareness about cardiovascular risk and provide individualized health‑related information through the Health Passport approach which appears adaptable in health care setups and may improve the awareness.
"One Global Map But Different Worlds: Worldwide Survey of Human Access to Basic Utilities"
Human Ecology 45 (3) 425-429 doi: 10.1007/s10745-017-9904-7
FLORIN CONSTANTIN MIHAI, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Department of Geography
The paper aims to reveal one integrated global map which points out the major geographical inequalities in providing basic utilities across the countries using multivariate analysis and thematic cartography. Sixteen indicators with global coverage were selected, including waste collection services, sanitation facilities, drinking water sources, energy, electricity, habitat and demographic conditions. Several data are broken down for urban and rural populations in order to outline the rural-urban disparities between and within countries. A special focus is given to waste collection coverage, in order to compute a comprehensive global assessment of this key indicator of public health, which is one of the most poorly monitored basic utilities. The world countries were divided into 10 classes according to the hierarchical cluster analysis. Each class has particular features outlining the gaps between high, middle and low-income countries with direct impact on quality of life, public health, and environment.
"Estimating the Effects of Teen Motherhood in Chile: A Family Fixed Effects Approach"
Estudios de Economia Vol. 44 No. 1 Junio 2017
MATIAS BERTHELON, Adolfo Ibanez University
DIANA KRUGER, Adolfo Ibanez University
JUAN P. EBERHARD, Adolfo Ibanez University
We study the effect of adolescent motherhood on education and labor outcomes among 20-24 year old women in Chile. We identify causal effects of motherhood with family fixed effects using a large data set covering the 1990-2011 period. Teen motherhood has negative effects on education and labor outcomes, and timing of motherhood matters: teen births reduce education outcomes, while young motherhood reduces labor force participation. Labor outcome effects are present among the non-poor, and effects changed between 1990 and 2011. Results highlight the important role of adolescent motherhood in women’s human capital accumulation and income inequality.
About this eJournal
Supported by: American Anthropological Association (AAA)
This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts of medical anthropology. The topics in this eJournal include: Health & Illness; Medicine & Ethics; Public & Global Health & Emerging Diseases; Science, Technology, & Medicine; Applied Medical Anthropology; Negative Results - Medical Anthropology.
To submit your research to SSRN, sign in to the SSRN User HeadQuarters, click the My Papers link on left menu and then the Start New Submission button at top of page.
If your organization is interested in increasing readership for its research by starting a Research Paper Series, or sponsoring a Subject Matter eJournal, please email: RPS@SSRN.com
Anthropology & Archaeology Research Network (AARN), a division of Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP) and Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
AARN SUBJECT MATTER EJOURNALS
University of New Mexico - Department of Anthropology
Please contact us at the above addresses with your comments, questions or suggestions for AARN-Sub.