FOOD LAW & POLICY eJOURNAL
"A New Role for the FDA in Food Safety"
Mercatus Working Paper Series, No. 10-69
RICHARD A. WILLIAMS, George Mason University - Mercatus Center
Beginning in the 1870s and '80s, there were multiple bills in Congress to get the federal government heavily involved in food safety to effect. Pathogenic contamination was rampant, from insanitary plants and poor processing, and there were many compounds added to food that had no business in anyone‘s diet. There was generally no judicial remedy as there was almost no way to trace harm to offending products. The government‘s role in protecting consumers from risk has increased steadily right through today and, initially, the creation of the FDA saw some early successes in this area.
This paper begins with the early history of successes that the FDA enjoyed with early regulations. Next, there is a discussion of how early successes evolved into diminishing regulatory effectiveness. Following that there is a discussion of the complex world that the FDA now tries to regulate and inspect and what the modern approach has been to try and deal with this universe. Finally, there is a discussion of new directions that are likely to be more effective at reducing food-borne disease.
"The Evolution of The Agri-Food Sector in Terms of Economic Transformation, Membership in The EU and Globalization of The World Economy"
Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej / Problems of Agricultural Economics, no 4, 2020
IWONA SZCZEPANIAK, Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics – National Research Institute
PIOTR SZAJNER, National Research Institute - Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI)
The aim of the article is to contribute to the discussion and research devoted to the evolution of the agri-food sector in the period of systemic transformation, Poland’s membership in the European Union, and globalization of the world economy. The evolution of the Polish agri-food sector, which started in the first years of systemic transformation, intensified in the period of preparations for accession to the European Union (EU), and then stimulated by the processes of deepening economic and trade integration with the EU Member States and the global market, proves that this sector has undergone profound transformations. After joining the EU, the Polish food economy was co-financed with EU funds, which allowed for the acceleration of structural and modernization changes in the sector. Foreign direct investments also played a significant role in the process of strengthening the position of the Polish agri-food sector. However, the key factor in the sector’s development was the dynamic growth of agri-food exports, accompanied by the growing demand for food in the internal market. Due to changes in macroeconomic and market conditions, entities of the domestic agri-food sector will have to face new challenges in the future.