Announcements

At present, all Philosophy Research Network (PRN) journals are managed by the network's co-directors, Lawrence Becker and Brie Gertler.


Table of Contents

Psychology's Renaissance

Leif D. Nelson, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Joseph P. Simmons, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School
Uri Simonsohn, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School

Bridging Cultural Sociology and Cognitive Psychology in Three Contemporary Research Programs

Michèle Lamont, Harvard University - Department of Sociology
Laura Adler, Harvard University, Department of Sociology
Bo Yun Park, Harvard University
Xin Xiang, Harvard University - Graduate School of Education


PHILOSOPHY OF MIND eJOURNAL

"Psychology's Renaissance" Free Download
Forthcoming, Annual Review of Psychology

LEIF D. NELSON, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Email:
JOSEPH P. SIMMONS, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School
Email:
URI SIMONSOHN, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School
Email:

In 2010–2012, a few largely coincidental events led experimental psychologists to realize that their approach to collecting, analyzing, and reporting data made it too easy to publish false-positive findings. This sparked a period of methodological reflection that we review here and call Psychology’s Renaissance. We begin by describing how psychologists’ concerns with publication bias shifted from worrying about file-drawered studies to worrying about p-hacked analyses. We then review the methodological changes that psychologists have proposed and, in some cases, embraced. In describing how the renaissance has unfolded, we attempt to describe different points of view fairly but not neutrally, so as to identify the most promising paths forward. In so doing, we champion disclosure and preregistration, express skepticism about most statistical solutions to publication bias, take positions on the analysis and interpretation of replication failures, and contend that meta-analytical thinking increases the prevalence of false positives. Our general thesis is that the scientific practices of experimental psychologists have improved dramatically.

"Bridging Cultural Sociology and Cognitive Psychology in Three Contemporary Research Programs" Free Download
Forthcoming, Nature Human Behavior

MICHÈLE LAMONT, Harvard University - Department of Sociology
Email:
LAURA ADLER, Harvard University, Department of Sociology
Email:
BO YUN PARK, Harvard University
Email:
XIN XIANG, Harvard University - Graduate School of Education

Three prominent research programs in cognitive psychology would benefit from a stronger engagement with the cultural context of cognition: studies of poverty focused on scarcity and cognitive bandwidth (CB); of the dual-process model of moral judgment (DPM); and of biases using the implicit association test (IAT). We address the blind spots common to these programs and suggest research strategies for moving beyond an exclusive focus on cognition. Research on poverty using the CB approach would benefit from considering the cultural schemas that influence how people perceive and prioritize needs. DPM researchers could explain variation by analysing cultural repertoires that structure moral choices. Research using the IAT can better explain implicit attitudes by addressing the variability in cultural schemas that undergird biases. We identify how these research programs can deepen the causal understanding of human attitudes and behaviours by addressing the interaction between internal cognition and supra-individual cultural repertoires.

^top

About this eJournal

The Philosophy Research Network is for papers with the content and methodology of professional philosophy. Papers posted under Philosophy of Mind will have a primary focus on one or more of the following subtopics: Metaphysics of Mind; Mental Content; Cognitive Science; Philosophy of Psychology. See the descriptions under each subcategory for information about what is included in each.

Submissions

To submit your research to SSRN, sign in to the SSRN User HeadQuarters, click the My Papers link on left menu and then the Start New Submission button at top of page.

Distribution Services

If your organization is interested in increasing readership for its research by starting a Research Paper Series, or sponsoring a Subject Matter eJournal, please email: RPS@SSRN.com

Distributed by

Humanities Network (HUM), a division of Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP) and Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Advisory Board

Philosophy of Mind eJournal

JULIA ELIZABETH ANNAS
Regents Professor of Philosophy, University of Arizona

DAVID CHALMERS
Professor of Philosophy, ARC Federation Fellow, Director - Center for Consciousness, Australian National University

MAUDEMARIE CLARK
Carleton Professor of Philosophy, Colgate University

CHRISTINE M. KORSGAARD
Arthur Kingsley Porter Professor of Philosophy, Harvard University

ALAN SIMMONS
Commonwealth Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Law, University of Virginia

ELLIOTT R. SOBER
Hans Reichenbach Professor of Philosophy and William F. Vilas Research Professor, University of Wisconsin

ERNEST SOSA
Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers University

BRIAN WEATHERSON
Associate Professor of Philosophy, Cornell University