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Corporate Governance and Firm Performance

58 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2007  

Sanjai Bhagat

University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance

Brian J. Bolton

Portland State University - School of Business Administration

Date Written: June 2007

Abstract

How is corporate governance measured? What is the relationship between corporate governance and performance? This paper sheds light on these questions while taking into account the endogeneity of the relationships among corporate governance, corporate performance, corporate capital structure, and corporate ownership structure. We make three additional contributions to the literature:

First, we find that better governance as measured by the Gompers, Ishii, and Metrick (GIM, 2003) and Bebchuk, Cohen and Ferrell (BCF, 2004) indices, stock ownership of board members, and CEO-Chair separation is significantly positively correlated with better contemporaneous and subsequent operating performance.

Second, contrary to claims in GIM and BCF, none of the governance measures are correlated with future stock market performance. In several instances inferences regarding the (stock market) performance and governance relationship do depend on whether or not one takes into account the endogenous nature of the relationship between governance and (stock market) performance.

Third, given poor firm performance, the probability of disciplinary management turnover is positively correlated with stock ownership of board members, and board independence. However, better governed firms as measured by the GIM and BCF indices are less likely to experience disciplinary management turnover in spite of their poor performance.

The above results highlight the strategic importance of board incentives. Our recommendations on board incentives are consistent with the implications of Hermalin and Weisbach (2007).

Keywords: Corporate governance, corporate performance, corporate ownership, capital structure, management turnover

JEL Classification: G12, G30, G32, G34, C33

Suggested Citation

Bhagat, Sanjai and Bolton, Brian J., Corporate Governance and Firm Performance (June 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1017342 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1017342

Sanjai Bhagat (Contact Author)

University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance ( email )

Campus Box 419
Boulder, CO 80309
United States
303-492-7821 (Phone)

Brian J. Bolton

Portland State University - School of Business Administration ( email )

Portland, OR 97207-0751
United States

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