Medco Energi Internasional

Posted: 12 Nov 2007 Last revised: 21 Dec 2011

See all articles by Belen Villalonga

Belen Villalonga

New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business

Raphael ('Raffi") H. Amit

The Wharton School UPENN

Christopher Hartman

Harvard University - Business School (HBS)

Date Written: August 2006


In late 2004, Hilmi Panigoro, CEO of the publicly traded Indonesian oil company Medco Energi Internasional, is striving to regain majority control of the company his brother Arifin founded in 1980. The Asian financial crisis of 1999 led to a major restructuring that left the Panigoros with a 34.1% equity stake in Medco. Two other large shareholders are now looking to sell their combined stake of 50.9%, and have selected Temasek, the Singapore government's investment arm, as their preferred bidder. The Panigoros have a right of first refusal, but only a four-month window to raise the capital needed to head off Temasek's bid.

Hilmi and Arifin Panigoro are considering a two-stage plan: a Leveraged Buy-Out (LBO) to be followed by a secondary equity offering at a share price high enough to enable them to repay the loan and retain majority control of their company. As attractive as the plan seems, they worry about the high cost of the loan and the risk that the offering might fail. In January 2005, with no time left to consider alternative financing plans, the Panigoro brothers have to decide whether to go ahead with the plan or lose control of Medco to Temasek.

Students are required to evaluate the benefits and risks of the proposed financing plan from the perspective of both the controlling family and minority shareholders.

Keywords: Family firms, corporate control, LBO, emerging markets

JEL Classification: G32, G34, G3

Suggested Citation

Villalonga, Belen and Amit, Raphael H. and Hartman, Christopher, Medco Energi Internasional (August 2006). HBS Publishing Case No.: 207-021; Courseware No.: 207-702; Teaching Note No.: 208-076, Available at SSRN:

Belen Villalonga (Contact Author)

New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business ( email )

40 West 4th Street
Suite 9-160
New York, NY NY 10012
United States

Raphael H. Amit

The Wharton School UPENN ( email )

The Wharton School
3620 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6370
United States
215 898 7731 (Phone)

Christopher Hartman

Harvard University - Business School (HBS) ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

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