Does Multinationality Matter? Implications of Operational Hedging for the Exchange Risk Exposure
10 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2012
Date Written: September 25, 2009
An important issue in global corporate risk management is whether the multinationality of a firm matters in terms of its effect on exchange risk exposure. In this paper, we examine the exchange risk exposure of U.S. firms during 1983-2006, comparing multinational and non-multinational firms and focusing on the role of operational hedging. Since MNCs and non-multinationals differ in size and other characteristics, we construct matched samples of MNCs and non-multinationals based on the propensity score method. We find that the multinationality in fact matters for a firm’s exchange exposure but not in the way usually presumed – the exchange risk exposures are actually smaller and less significant for MNCs than non-multinationals. The results are robust with respect to different samples and model specifications. There is evidence that operational hedging decreases a firm’s exchange risk exposure and increases its stock returns. The effective deployment of operational risk management strategies provides one reason why MNCs may have insignificant exchange risk exposure estimates.
Keywords: Exchange risk exposure, Multinational corporations, Corporate risk management, Operational hedging, Financial hedging
JEL Classification: G3, F2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation