Does Securitization of Corporate Loans Lead to Riskier Lending?
João A. C. Santos
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
March 2, 2014
We investigate whether the securitization of corporate loans affected banks’ lending standards. We find that during the boom years of the CLO business, loans sold to CLOs at the time of their origination underperform matched unsecuritized loans originated by the same bank. This finding is robust to loan- and borrower-specific controls, as well as the lender’s skin in the game. Banks’ use of lax underwriting standards appears to have contributed to the worse performance of the loans they sell to CLOs. We find that banks put less weight on the hard information on borrower risk available to them when they set interest rates on the loans they sell to CLOs, and that they retain less skin in the game on these loans. We also find that the median non-CLO syndicate participant retains a lower stake in securitized loans when compared to loans that are not securitized, suggesting that these investors, like lead banks, expected securitized loans to perform worse.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 39
Keywords: Securitization, CLOs, Loan Performance, Loan Spreads
JEL Classification: G21, G23
Date posted: May 18, 2011 ; Last revised: March 3, 2014