A Concise Guide to Dynamic Optimization
43 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2011 Last revised: 27 Nov 2016
Date Written: November 25, 2016
This paper provides a concise guide to dynamic optimization with an integral treatment on various optimal control and dynamic programming problems. It presents essential theorems and methods for obtaining and characterizing solutions to these problems. The paper discusses Pontryagin's maximum principle in optimal control theory under infinite-time horizon and fixed and variable finite-time horizons, discounting vs. no discounting, discrete- vs. continuous-time cases, and the classical calculus of variations method. It also discusses Bellman's principle of optimality in dynamic programming and its relation to the maximum principle. Some elements of stochastic dynamic programming are also discussed.
Keywords: Dynamic optimization, optimal control theory, dynamic programing, Pontryagin's maximum principle, Bellman's principle of optimality, stochastic dynamic programming
JEL Classification: A2, C02, C61, C65, D9
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