Intrahousehold Distribution and Child Poverty: Theory and Evidence from Côte D’Ivoire

34 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2011

See all articles by Olivier Bargain

Olivier Bargain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University College Dublin (UCD)

Olivier Donni

University of Cergy-Pontoise - THEMA; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre Interuniversitaire sur le risque, les politiques économiques et l'emploi (CIRPÉE)

Prudence Kwenda

University College Dublin (UCD)

Abstract

Poverty measures in developing countries often ignore the distribution of resources within families and the gains from joint consumption. In this paper, we extend the collective model of household consumption to recover mother's, father's and children's shares together with economies of scale, using the observation of adult-specific goods and an extended version of the Rothbarth method. The application on data from Côte d'Ivoire shows that children command a reasonable fraction of household resources, though not enough to avoid a very large extent of child poverty compared to what is found in traditional measures based on per capita expenditure. We find no significant evidence of discrimination against girls, and educated mothers have more command over household resources. Baseline results on children's shares are robust to using alternative identifying assumptions, which consolidates a general approach grounded on a flexible version of the Rothbarth method. Individual measures of poverty show that parents are highly compensated by the scale economies due to joint consumption.

Keywords: collective model, consumer demand, Engel curves, Rothbarth method, cost of children, bargaining power, sharing rule, scale economies, equivalence scales, indifference scales

JEL Classification: D11, D12, D36, I31, J12

Suggested Citation

Bargain, Olivier and Donni, Olivier and Kwenda, Prudence, Intrahousehold Distribution and Child Poverty: Theory and Evidence from Côte D’Ivoire. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6029, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1948025

Olivier Bargain (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University College Dublin (UCD) ( email )

Belfield, Dublin 4 4
Ireland
+353 1 716 8357 (Phone)
+353 1 283 0068 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucd.ie/economics/staff/obargain/obargain.htm

Olivier Donni

University of Cergy-Pontoise - THEMA ( email )

33 boulevard du port
F-95011 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex, 95011
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre Interuniversitaire sur le risque, les politiques économiques et l'emploi (CIRPÉE) ( email )

Pavillon De Sève
Ste-Foy, Quebec G1K 7P4
Canada

Prudence Kwenda

University College Dublin (UCD) ( email )

Belfield, Dublin 4 4
Ireland

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