Rural Electrification and Employment in Poor Countries: Evidence from Nicaragua

14 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2013

See all articles by Louise Grogan

Louise Grogan

University of Guelph - Department of Economics

Asha Sadanand

University of Guelph - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 15, 2013

Abstract

This paper shows that rural electrification is associated with big changes in the time use of men and women in Nicaragua, even in the absence of labor-saving appliances. Electricity is shown to increase the propensity of rural Nicaraguan women to work outside the home by about 23%, but to have no impact on male employment. These findings suggest significant potential benefits to rural electrification that are not generally captured in cost–benefit analyses, such as greater women’s earnings and reduced deforestation.

Keywords: electric light, time use, employment, labor-saving technology, slope gradient, population density

Suggested Citation

Grogan, Louise A. and Sadanand, Asha, Rural Electrification and Employment in Poor Countries: Evidence from Nicaragua (March 15, 2013). World Development, Vol. 43, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2280836

Louise A. Grogan (Contact Author)

University of Guelph - Department of Economics ( email )

50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Canada

Asha Sadanand

University of Guelph - Department of Economics ( email )

50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Canada

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