Community and Capital in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth
54 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2015 Last revised: 22 Jan 2017
Date Written: November 28, 2016
We argue that social integration -- in the sense of within-community interconnectedness -- and venture capital have a complementary relationship in fostering innovation, entrepreneurship, and economic growth. Using panel data on metropolitan areas in the United States, from 1993 to 2002, our analyses reveal that racial integration -- in the microgeography of residential patterns -- moderates the effect of venture capital, with more ethnically-integrated places benefiting more from the availability of venture capital. Our results remained robust to estimation with instrumental variables to address potential endogeneity in the supply of venture capital and in the level of social integration. We also provide evidence for the underlying mechanisms by demonstrating that communities with higher levels of racial integration foster the discovery of more novel and more valuable inventions and the emergence of more ethnically-diverse entrepreneurial groups.
Keywords: Segregation, social capital, venture capital, innovation, entrepreneurship, economic growth, microgeography
JEL Classification: G24, L26, R11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation