Labor Market Conditions and Cultural Change: Evidence from Vietnam

51 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2015 Last revised: 1 Nov 2017

See all articles by Louise Grogan

Louise Grogan

University of Guelph - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 30, 2017

Abstract

This paper relates strategic parental fertility behavior and early childhood human capital investments to prospective labor market opportunities in Vietnam. Suitability of land for plough adoption is shown to influence both traditional post-marital residence rules and contemporary under-5 sex ratios. A quasi-natural experiment identifies causal impacts of the sex of a woman's first-born child on fertility and under-5 mortality, across household types with historically different relative productivity of the sexes in agriculture. Impacts vary across household type for rural but not for second-generation urban women. Cultural heterogeneity attributable to relative productivity in pre-industrial societies is strongly mitigated by rural-urban migration.

Keywords: technology, geology, culture, migration, second generation, labor markets, natural experiment, Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Vietnam, Public-Use Microdata Series (IPUMS)

JEL Classification: J1, O1

Suggested Citation

Grogan, Louise A., Labor Market Conditions and Cultural Change: Evidence from Vietnam (October 30, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2588312 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2588312

Louise A. Grogan (Contact Author)

University of Guelph - Department of Economics ( email )

50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Canada

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
47
Abstract Views
501
PlumX Metrics