The Principle of Proportionality in International Law

NCCR Trade Regulation Working Paper No 2012/38

34 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2015

See all articles by Thomas Cottier

Thomas Cottier

University of Bern - Institute of European and International Economic Law

Roberto Echandi

University of Bern - World Trade Institute

Rafael Leal-Arcas

Queen Mary University of London - School of Law

Rachel G. Liechti-McKee

Institute for European and International Law

Tetyana Payosova

WTI/NCCR Trade; IEW, University of Bern

Charlotte Sieber-Gasser

University of Lucerne; University of Bern - World Trade Institute

Date Written: December 1, 2012

Abstract

Whilst the principle of proportionality indisputably plays a crucial role in the protection of fundamental rights, it is still unclear to what extent it applies to other fields in international law. The paper therefore explores the role it plays in selected fields of public international law, beyond human rights. The examination begins in the classical domain of reprisals and in maritime boundary delimitation and continues to analyse the role played in the law of multilateral trade regulation of the World Trade Organization and in bilateral investment protection. In an attempt to explain differences in recourse to proportionality in the various fields, we develop in our conclusions a distinction between horizontal and vertical constellations of legal protection.

Keywords: proportionality, use of force, maritime boundary delimitation, WTO, GATT, GATS, investment law

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Cottier, Thomas and Echandi, Roberto and Leal-Arcas, Rafael and Liechti-McKee, Rachel G. and Payosova, Tetyana and Sieber-Gasser, Charlotte, The Principle of Proportionality in International Law (December 1, 2012). NCCR Trade Regulation Working Paper No 2012/38. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2598410 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2598410

Thomas Cottier

University of Bern - Institute of European and International Economic Law ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6
Bern, CH-3012
Switzerland
+41 31 6313626 (Phone)

Roberto Echandi

University of Bern - World Trade Institute ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6/8
Berne, CH-3012
Switzerland

Rafael Leal-Arcas (Contact Author)

Queen Mary University of London - School of Law ( email )

67-69
Lincoln's Inn Fields
Holborn, London WC2A 3JB
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccls.qmul.ac.uk/staff/lealarcas.html

Rachel G. Liechti-McKee

Institute for European and International Law ( email )

Gesellschaftsstrasse 49
Bern, BERN 3001
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.iew.unibe.ch/content/index_ger.html

Tetyana Payosova

WTI/NCCR Trade ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6/8
Berne, CH-3012
Switzerland

IEW, University of Bern ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6
Bern, CH-3012
Switzerland

Charlotte Sieber-Gasser

University of Lucerne ( email )

Hofstrasse 9
P.O. Box 7464
Luzern 7, CH - 6000
Switzerland

University of Bern - World Trade Institute ( email )

Hallerstrasse 6/8
Berne, CH-3012
Switzerland

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