Homeowner Borrowing and Housing Collateral: New Evidence from Expiring Price Controls
58 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2015 Last revised: 24 Mar 2018
Date Written: March 1, 2017
I empirically analyze how changes in access to housing collateral affect homeowner borrowing behavior. To isolate the role of collateral constraints from that of wealth effects, I exploit the fully anticipated expiration of resale price controls on owner-occupied housing in Montgomery County, Maryland. I estimate a marginal propensity to borrow out of housing collateral that ranges between $0.04-$0.13 and is correlated with homeowners’ initial leverage. Additional analysis of residential investment and ex-post loan performance indicates that some of the extracted funds generated new expenditures. These results suggest a potentially important role for collateral constraints in driving household expenditures.
Keywords: Housing Collateral, Household Debt, Housing Wealth Effect
JEL Classification: D14, E21, G21, R20, R30, R52
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