Social Valuation Across Multiple Audiences: The Interplay of Ability and Identity Judgements

Academy of Management Journal, 61(6): 2230-2264

70 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2017 Last revised: 4 Aug 2019

See all articles by Riccardo Fini

Riccardo Fini

University of Bologna - Department of Management; Imperial College London

Julien Jourdan

Université Paris Dauphine

Markus Perkmann

Imperial College Business School

Date Written: January 20, 2018

Abstract

How is an evaluating audience influenced by previous evaluations made by another audience? This question is critical to individuals and organizations reaching out to multiple audiences for key resources. While extant work has suggested evaluators are influenced by previous evaluations made by their peers, we develop theory about how evaluators’ assessment of a candidate is shaped by previous evaluations made by an external (non-peer) audience. We argue that the latter represent exogenous indices that affect evaluators in two opposing ways: they positively influence peer valuation by pointing to candidates’ unobservable abilities; yet, since they are conferred by an external audience, they are also indicative of candidates’ deviation from an expected peer identity. The combination of the two opposite effects suggests an inverted U-shaped relationship between exogenous indices and peer valuation. Further, this effect is moderated by the identity proximity between audiences, and the availability of previous peer evaluations (endogenous indices). We test and find support for our arguments using unique data on the peer valuation of 9,502 academic scientists applying for research grants at a research university. Our work contributes to the understanding of valuation and socially endogenous inferences, and has implications for the management of organizations in multi-audience environments.

Keywords: Social valuation, Social evaluations, Socially endogenous inferences, Candidate-Audience relationships, Institutional logics, University-industry relations

Suggested Citation

Fini, Riccardo and Jourdan, Julien and Perkmann, Markus, Social Valuation Across Multiple Audiences: The Interplay of Ability and Identity Judgements (January 20, 2018). Academy of Management Journal, 61(6): 2230-2264. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3074603

Riccardo Fini

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Via Terracini 28
Bologna, 40131
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.unibo.it/faculty/riccardo.fini

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
London SW7 2AZ, DC
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/people/r.fini

Julien Jourdan

Université Paris Dauphine ( email )

Place du Maréchal de Tassigny
Paris, Cedex 16 75775
France

Markus Perkmann (Contact Author)

Imperial College Business School ( email )

London, SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

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