Interrogation Parity

21 Pages Posted: 24 May 2018 Last revised: 23 Feb 2020

See all articles by Kate Levine

Kate Levine

Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law

Stephen Rushin

Loyola University Chicago School of Law

Date Written: April 18, 2018


Over the past several years, many have taken note of the special interrogation protections afforded to the police when they become the target of internal or criminal investigation. There is also widespread agreement that existing interrogation protections for ordinary criminal suspects are not strong enough.

In this symposium essay, we propose a novel method by which the federal government could combat this sort of distributional inequality in the criminal justice system, while promoting broader reform in police interrogation procedures. We propose that Congress use its spending power to condition federal funds to police departments on the adoption of uniform, minimum protections for both police and civilian suspects facing interrogations.

Admittedly, Congress has rarely conditioned federal grants to police departments on the protection of individual rights. Nevertheless, we argue that such an approach is normatively desirable and constitutionally permissible.

Keywords: interrogations, policing, police misconduct, police reform

JEL Classification: K1, K10, K14

Suggested Citation

Levine, Kate and Rushin, Stephen, Interrogation Parity (April 18, 2018). 5 University of Illinois Law Review 1685 (2018), Available at SSRN:

Kate Levine

Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law ( email )

55 Fifth Ave.
New York, NY 10003
United States

HOME PAGE: http://

Stephen Rushin (Contact Author)

Loyola University Chicago School of Law ( email )

25 E. Pearson
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics