The Impact of Online Surveillance on Behavior

Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law

18 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018

See all articles by Alex Marthews

Alex Marthews

Digital Fourth

Catherine E. Tucker

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Management Science (MS)

Date Written: June 18, 2017

Abstract

Mass digital surveillance differs from older, analog, and more overt forms of physical surveillance. Nonetheless, empirical research after the Snowden revelations shows that it still has a meaningful chilling effect on online behavior, including Google searches, use of Wikipedia, and expression of controversial opinions. In the courts, these studies may help plaintiffs challenging mass surveillance programs in both the United States and the European Union to demonstrate standing. In the executive and legislative branches, the studies enable the discussion to move on from the question of whether a chilling effect exists from surveillance, to the question of what, if anything, to do about it.

Keywords: surveillance, chilling effects, standing, Edward Snowden, NSA, Google, Wikipedia

JEL Classification: K39

Suggested Citation

Marthews, Alex and Tucker, Catherine E., The Impact of Online Surveillance on Behavior (June 18, 2017). Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3167473

Alex Marthews (Contact Author)

Digital Fourth ( email )

One Broadway
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

Catherine E. Tucker

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Management Science (MS) ( email )

100 Main St
E62-536
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States

HOME PAGE: http://cetucker.scripts.mit.edu

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