The Impact of Online Surveillance on Behavior
Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law
18 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2018
Date Written: June 18, 2017
Mass digital surveillance differs from older, analog, and more overt forms of physical surveillance. Nonetheless, empirical research after the Snowden revelations shows that it still has a meaningful chilling effect on online behavior, including Google searches, use of Wikipedia, and expression of controversial opinions. In the courts, these studies may help plaintiffs challenging mass surveillance programs in both the United States and the European Union to demonstrate standing. In the executive and legislative branches, the studies enable the discussion to move on from the question of whether a chilling effect exists from surveillance, to the question of what, if anything, to do about it.
Keywords: surveillance, chilling effects, standing, Edward Snowden, NSA, Google, Wikipedia
JEL Classification: K39
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation