Artificial Intelligence Crime: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreseeable Threats and Solutions
26 Science and Engineering Ethics 89 (2020) (published version available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11948-018-00081-0)
36 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2018 Last revised: 28 Mar 2023
Date Written: May 22, 2018
Artificial Intelligence (AI) research and regulation seek to balance the benefits of innovation against any potential harms and disruption. However, one unintended consequence of the recent surge in AI research is the potential re-orientation of AI technologies to facilitate criminal acts, which we term AI-Crime (AIC). We already know that AIC is theoretically feasible thanks to published experiments in automating fraud targeted at social media users, as well as demonstrations of AI-driven manipulation of simulated markets. However, because AIC is still a relatively young and inherently interdisciplinary area—spanning socio-legal studies to formal science—there is little certainty of what an AIC future might look like. This article offers the first systematic, interdisciplinary literature analysis of the foreseeable threats of AIC, providing law enforcement and policy-makers with a synthesis of the current problems, and a possible solution space.
Keywords: AI and Law, AI-Crime, Artificial Intelligence, Dual-Use, Ethics, Machine Learning
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