Independent Contractor or Employee?

39 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2019

See all articles by Ben Davies

Ben Davies

Pepperdine University - School of Law; Pepperdine University, School of Law, Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution

Date Written: December 2, 2018

Abstract

A brief review and critique of State and Federal tests to determine if workers should be classified as independent contractors or employees.

Keywords: independent contractor, employee, ABC test, Economic Realities Test, Control Test, California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Connecticut, Vermont, Montana, Utah, Oregon, Hybrid Test, Joint Employment, Franchisor Liability

JEL Classification: J21, J30, J32, J40, J41, J42, J44, J46, J48, J49, J10, L90, L91, P11, K31, K30, K34

Suggested Citation

Davies, Ben, Independent Contractor or Employee? (December 2, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3316441 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3316441

Ben Davies (Contact Author)

Pepperdine University - School of Law ( email )

24255 Pacific Coast Highway
Malibu, CA 90263
United States
7605185186 (Phone)

Pepperdine University, School of Law, Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution ( email )

24255 Pacific Coast Highway
Malibu, CA 90263
United States
7605185186 (Phone)

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