Impact of Psycho-Social Predictors on the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Pakistan

10 Pages Posted: 17 May 2019

See all articles by Naqeeb Shah

Naqeeb Shah

Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, Pakistan.

Basharat Hussain

University of Peshawar

Samiullah Paracha

Sunderland University

Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

Date Written: April 25, 2019

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze the Quality of Life of the elderly with regard to socio-economic conditions and psycho-social perspectives in Peshawar, Pakistan. In the present review, the focus has been made to examine the impacts of various predictors on the quality of life. A multiple indicator approach, which was based on PLS-SEM, was used to assess the impact of different psycho-socio-economic and demographic indicators on the psychological well-being of the elderly. Hypotheses were planned and evaluated for each dimension in the analysis. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Two standard inventories: Scale with Life Satisfaction and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale were adopted and evaluated as a composite outcome measure “Quality of Life”, employing Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling technique. The coefficient in the model showed that Social Circle, Health and General Activity have a significant contribution to the Quality of Life. The findings of the study indicated that the relationship between the explanatory variables and outcome variable was strong in the model. All constructs collectively were accounted for 68% of the amount of variance in the construct of Quality of Life. The result exhibited that the Friends and Family construct was the strongest determinant for Quality of Life and Psychological wellbeing in the retired elderly.

Keywords: Quality of Life, Life Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, Leisure Activity, Social Circle, Psychological Wellbeing

Suggested Citation

Shah, Naqeeb and Hussain, Basharat and Paracha, Samiullah and Ahmad, Muhammad Shakil, Impact of Psycho-Social Predictors on the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Pakistan (April 25, 2019). RAIS Conference Proceedings - The 12th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences & Humanities. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3388042 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3388042

Naqeeb Shah (Contact Author)

Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, Pakistan. ( email )

Bannu Road
Near Jarma Bridge
Kohat
Pakistan

Basharat Hussain

University of Peshawar ( email )

Quaid-E-Azam College of Commerce
Peshawar, PA Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 25000
Pakistan

Samiullah Paracha

Sunderland University ( email )

Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) ( email )

Johor Bahru
Skudai
Malaysia

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