Advancing Green Purchasing in Local Governments

Arizona State University, Center for Organization Research and Design, Sustainable Purchasing Research Initiative, 1-39.

39 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2019

See all articles by Nicole Darnall

Nicole Darnall

Arizona State University - School of Sustainability; Sustainable Purchasing Research Initiative

Justin Stritch

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs; The Danish National Centre for Social Research

Stuart Bretschneider

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Lily Hsueh

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Melissa Duscha

Arizona State University (ASU) - Center for Organization Research & Design (CORD)

Jeffrey Iles

Independent

Won No

Arizona State University

Jorge Suarez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Caitlin Burwell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: June 2017

Abstract

While green purchasing policies have the potential to significantly reduce carbon impacts across the globe, most U.S. cities have either struggled to implement them or do not have one at all. Consequently, these policies have not reached their potential to help local governments mitigate their environmental impacts. These are significant concerns that the United Nations Environmental Programme and others suggest must be resolved if we are to move toward an environmentally sustainable economy. This research seeks to address these issues by way of a national survey of finance, public works and environmental directors in U.S. local governments with 25,000 residents or more. The survey generated 616 individual responses from 459 cities. Our three broad objectives were to (1) determine the facilitators and the barriers to adoption and implementation of green purchasing policies in local governments; (2) recommend actions for advancing green purchasing practices; (3) encourage local governments that lack green purchasing policies to implement them within their jurisdictions. Our results show that cities that adopt green purchasing policies differ from those cities without such policies based on their complementary policies and practices, use of purchasing criteria, information access, leadership and vendor roles. Directors in cities who reported successful implementation of their green purchasing policies noted that these policies are more likely to have the following features: complementary policies and practices, information access, leadership and implementation responsibility, collaborative vendor relations, and strong innovation culture. These findings inform our eight recommendations aimed at increasing cities’ green purchasing policy adoption and implementation success.

Keywords: green purchasing, sustainable purchasing, local government, cities, procurement, sustainable procurement, green procurement, sustainable public procurement, green public procurement, green public purchasing, sustainable public purchasing, government

JEL Classification: Q01, Q56, Q58, Q59, M38, Q50, M20, M11, L53, L78

Suggested Citation

Darnall, Nicole and Stritch, Justin and Bretschneider, Stuart and Hsueh, Lily and Duscha, Melissa and Iles, Jeffrey and No, Won and Suarez, Jorge and Burwell, Caitlin, Advancing Green Purchasing in Local Governments (June 2017). Arizona State University, Center for Organization Research and Design, Sustainable Purchasing Research Initiative, 1-39.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3436579

Nicole Darnall (Contact Author)

Arizona State University - School of Sustainability ( email )

800 S Cady Mall, PO Box 87402
Tempe, AZ 85287-5402
United States
602.496.0445 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://isearch.asu.edu/profile/1811617

Sustainable Purchasing Research Initiative ( email )

Arizona State University
https://sustainability.asu.edu/spri/
United States

Justin Stritch

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs ( email )

411 N. Central Avenue
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

The Danish National Centre for Social Research ( email )

Herluf Trolles Gade 11
Copenhagen, 1052
Denmark

Stuart Bretschneider

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011
Tempe, AZ
United States

Lily Hsueh

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs ( email )

411 N. Central Ave., Suite 455
Phoenix, AZ 85004-0687
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/lilyhsueh/

Melissa Duscha

Arizona State University (ASU) - Center for Organization Research & Design (CORD) ( email )

411 N. Central Avenue
Ste. 480
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

Jeffrey Iles

Independent

No Address Available

Won No

Arizona State University

411 N Central Ave, Suite 420
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

Jorge Suarez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Caitlin Burwell

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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