Ethical Behavior in Business: A Hierarchical Approach from the Talmud

Friedman, H. H., Ethical Behavior in Business: A Hierarchical Approach from the Talmud. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 4, 1985, 117-129, 1985

13 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2019

See all articles by Hershey H. Friedman

Hershey H. Friedman

City University of New York - Department of Business Management

Date Written: November 15, 1985

Abstract

The Talmud, the compilation of Jewish oral law, is over 1500 years old and includes extensive discussions of business ethics. This paper presents four levels of ethical behavior in business gleaned from the words of the Talmud. At the lowest level, an individual is just barely inside the law; the highest level is "the way of the pious". The author has attempted to relate the ethics in ancient business situations to business practices today.

Keywords: Talmud, Ethics, Business Ethics, Way of the Pious, Ethical Hierarchy

JEL Classification: B11, D63, J78, K00, K40, M14, N00

Suggested Citation

Friedman, Hershey H., Ethical Behavior in Business: A Hierarchical Approach from the Talmud (November 15, 1985). Friedman, H. H., Ethical Behavior in Business: A Hierarchical Approach from the Talmud. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 4, 1985, 117-129, 1985. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3487217 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3487217

Hershey H. Friedman (Contact Author)

City University of New York - Department of Business Management ( email )

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