Impact of Government Bailout on Banks' Cost of Equity: Additional Evidence from the Financial Bailout of 2008-2009
Wang, D., Ngo, T., Houmes, R., Esqueda, O. (2020). Impact of Government Bailout on Banks’ Cost of Equity: Additional Evidence from the Financial Bailout of 2008-2009. (Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies), Forthcoming
29 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2020
Date Written: January 4, 2020
This study evaluates the effect of the Capital Purchase Program during the 2008-2009 financial crisis on the cost of equity of 170 publicly listed banks in the United States that received funding. We document robust evidence that the liquidity provided by the government bailout reduced the cost of equity for recipient banks, especially for those banks that repaid their bailout funds in full. The decrease in the cost of equity is particularly significant for banks with high market-to-book ratios, low concentrations of institutional ownership, and those with at least one large blockholder. Our findings have important implications for the assessment of government bailout programs and future regulation of financial institutions.
Keywords: Bank, Capital Purchase Program (CPP), Cost of Equity (COE), Financial Bailout, Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP)
JEL Classification: G01, G14, G21, G23, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation