Is Blockholder Diversity Detrimental?
71 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2020 Last revised: 17 Feb 2023
Date Written: February 2, 2023
We find that blockholder diversity, i.e., the firm shareholder base including several different types of blocks, is detrimental to firm performance. We show that lagged disclosure, on exogenous predetermined dates, that reveals an increase in block diversity is followed by a negative market reaction. Firms held by heterogeneous blockholders consistently perform worse than firms held by homogeneous blockholders. Block diversity is particularly detrimental when uncertainty is high. Disagreement among shareholders (e.g., as reflected in the frequency of lawsuits being filed) increases when the blockholder base is diverse. We make our blockholder dataset public for the benefit of other researchers.
Data on blockholders (described in this study) can be obtained at:
Keywords: Blockholders, Blocks, Block diversity, Financial performance, Lawsuits, Shareholder Votes
JEL Classification: G3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation