Capital Structure Revisited. Do Crisis and Competition Matter in a Keiretsu Corporate Structure?
Danso, A., Fosu, S., Owusu-Agyei, S., Ntim, C.G., & Adegbite, E. (2020). Capital structure revisited. Do crisis and competition matter in a Keiretsu corporate structure?, International Journal of Finance and Economics, Forthcoming.
40 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 21, 2020
We investigate firm-level determinants of capital structure using a large sample of 4,284 Japanese firms over a nineteen-year period (i.e., over 61,000 firm-year observations), a hitherto less examined sample for this purpose. We conduct our analysis and interpret our findings predominantly within the pecking order, the trade-off and the agency theoretical frameworks. We uncover three new findings. First, our evidence indicates that insights derived from the extant literature on capital structure are cross-national and are applicable in the context of Japan, despite the unique characteristics of Japanese firms. Second, financial crisis significantly impacts the relationship between leverage and firm-level determinants, particularly accentuating the effect of asset tangibility and growth. Third, product market competition significantly impacts the observed relationship between firm-level determinants and leverage. Our results are robust, controlling for the joint effects of competition and crisis.
Keywords: Capital structure; Agency theory; Competition; Financial Crisis; Keiretsu, Japan
JEL Classification: G01; G30; G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation