A Composite Measure of Financial Inclusion in Nigeria (1992 - 2019): A Principal Component Analysis Approach
38 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2020
Date Written: August 18, 2020
Owing to gaps in the literature regarding the dearth of a robust and an all-inclusive measurement of Financial Inclusion, this study gauges the level of financial inclusion for Nigeria. Adopting the use of the PCA as an indexing mechanism, the study condenses 22 selected aggregate indicators into a single comprehensive static that can serve as a measurement of financial inclusion for the Nigerian economy. The selected indicators comprises not only indicators germane to the banking sector, which has become traditional in other studies but advances its investigation to include the contribution of previously neglected indicators that captures other sub-sectors (like Insurance and Mortgage) and financial markets (like Stock market) that constitutes the financial system. In a two-stage PCA analysis, the results indicate that the non-bank sectors contribute more to the supply of financial services in Nigeria than the banking sector. The results also suggest that the demand for financial services in urban centres outmatches that of the more populated rural areas. Generally, the results indicate a slow and sluggish rise in Financial Inclusion for the duration of the study scope. Hence, the study recommends that effort be made to collating demand-side data as available data is restrictive. The study also recommends that policies and programmes with the specific aim to increasing available points of service in rural settings be pursued should financial authorities hope to meet stated goals.
Keywords: Financial Inclusion, Financial Inclusion Index, Principal Component Analysis, Parametric Method
JEL Classification: C38, E52, E58, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation