Pledging Intellectual Property for COVID-19

38 Nature Biotechnology 1146 (2020)

University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 405

10 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2020 Last revised: 5 Dec 2020

See all articles by Jorge L. Contreras

Jorge L. Contreras

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law

Michael B. Eisen

University of California, Berkeley - Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Ariel Ganz

Stanford University

Mark A. Lemley

Stanford Law School

Jenny Molloy

University of Cambridge

Diane Peters

Creative Commons

Frank Tietze

University of Cambridge

Date Written: October 10, 2020

Abstract

COVID-19 differs from other recent public health crises with respect to its sudden onset, its rapid spread, the lack of any known vaccine or cure and resulting shortages of critical medical equipment. The convergence of these factors has prompted both governments and IPR holders around the world to seek ways to increase the availability of IPR necessary to combat the pandemic. Governmental compulsory licensing, IPR pools and voluntary IPR pledges have all been used in the past, though in situations that differ in important respects from the COVID-19 pandemic. Each is designed to result, to a greater or lesser degree, in a publicly-accessible “commons” of rights and technologies that are broadly available for use to support an important public health goals. Here, we compare and contrast these differing approaches to IPR commons formation and assess their suitability to address the COVID-19 crisis.

Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, pandemic, patent, pledge, commons

Suggested Citation

Contreras, Jorge L. and Eisen, Michael B. and Ganz, Ariel and Lemley, Mark A. and Molloy, Jenny and Peters, Diane and Tietze, Frank, Pledging Intellectual Property for COVID-19 (October 10, 2020). 38 Nature Biotechnology 1146 (2020), University of Utah College of Law Research Paper No. 405, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3740148 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3740148

Jorge L. Contreras (Contact Author)

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )

383 S. University Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0730
United States

Michael B. Eisen

University of California, Berkeley - Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Ariel Ganz

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Mark A. Lemley

Stanford Law School ( email )

559 Nathan Abbott Way
Stanford, CA 94305-8610
United States

Jenny Molloy

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Diane Peters

Creative Commons ( email )

United States

Frank Tietze

University of Cambridge ( email )

Institute for Manufacturing (IfM)
17 Charles Babbage Road
Cambridge, CB3 0FS
United Kingdom
00441223338083 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/people/ft263/

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