Information Technology and Gender Economic Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 24(2), pp. 120-133 (2021).

24 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2021 Last revised: 23 Jun 2021

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Joseph Amankwah-Amoah

University of Bristol - School of Economics, Finance and Management

Rexon Tayong Nting

University of Wales Trinity Saint David (UWTSD)

Godfred Afrifa

University of Kent

Date Written: December 17, 2020

Abstract

This study investigates how ICT affects gender economic inclusion via gender parity education channels. We examine the issue using data from 49 countries in sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2004-2018 divided into: (i) 42 countries for the period 2004-2014; and (ii) 49 countries for the period 2008-2018. Given the overwhelming evidence of negative net effects in the first sample, an extended analysis is used to establish thresholds of ICT penetration that nullify the established net negative effects. We found that in order to enhance female labor force participation, the following ICT thresholds are worthwhile for the secondary education channel: 165 mobile phone penetration per 100 people, 21.471 internet penetration per 100 people and 3.475 fixed broadband subscriptions per 100 people. For the same outcome of inducing a positive effect on female labor force participation, a 31.966 internet penetration per 100 people threshold, is required for the mechanism of tertiary school education. These computed thresholds have economic meaning and policy relevance because they are within the established ICT policy ranges. In the second sample, a mobile phone penetration threshold of 122.20 per 100 people is needed for the tertiary education channel to positively affect female labor force participation.

Keywords: Africa; ICT; Gender; Inclusive development

JEL Classification: G20; I10; I32; O40; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Amankwah-Amoah, Joseph and Nting, Rexon Tayong and Afrifa, Godfred, Information Technology and Gender Economic Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa (December 17, 2020). Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 24(2), pp. 120-133 (2021)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3751035 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3751035

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Joseph Amankwah-Amoah

University of Bristol - School of Economics, Finance and Management ( email )

United Kingdom

Rexon Tayong Nting

University of Wales Trinity Saint David (UWTSD) ( email )

College St
Lampeter
United Kingdom

Godfred Afrifa

University of Kent ( email )

CT2 7NP
United Kingdom

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