PoW Blockchain Network's Short-term Self-correction Mechanism
54 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2021 Last revised: 6 Jul 2021
Date Written: December 30, 2020
This paper uses a partial equilibrium framework to prove that in the short-term, network hashrate shock affects average miner income through both transaction fee income and block reward income.
Using Bitcoin blockchain data, we show that miner average transaction fee income goes in the opposite direction to network hashrate shock while miner average block reward income goes in the same direction as the shock.
This implies the coexistence of a positive and negative feedback loop between network hashrate and miner income. As block reward diminishes, PoW blockchain networks should become more stable and resilient to exogenous hashrate shocks.
Keywords: Blockchain, Proof-of-Work, Bitcoin, Hashrate, Miner, Transaction Fee
JEL Classification: G00, D50, E42, L86
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation