Homeownership Rates, Housing Policies, and Co-Residence Decisions
31 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2023
Date Written: July 19, 2023
Homeownership rates differ widely across European countries. We document that part of this variation is driven by differences in the fraction of adults co-residing with their par-ents. Comparing Germany and Italy, we show that in contrast to homeownership rates per household, homeownership rates per individual are very similar during the first part of the life cycle. To understand these patterns, we build an overlapping-generations model where individuals face uninsurable income risk and make consumption-saving and housing tenure decisions. We embed an explicit intergenerational link between children and parents to cap-ture the three-way trade-off between owning, renting, and co-residing. Calibrating the model to Germany we explore the role of income profiles, housing policies, and the taste for inde-pendence and show that a combination of these factors goes a long way in explaining the differential life-cycle patterns of living arrangements between the two countries.
Keywords: Homeownership, Co-residence, Overlapping generations
JEL Classification: D15, E21, H31, R21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation