A Further Look at the Gender Gap in Italian Academic Careers

39 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2023 Last revised: 6 Feb 2024

See all articles by Marianna Brunetti

Marianna Brunetti

Dept. Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata; CEFIN

Annalisa Fabretti

University Tor Vergata - Economia

Mariangela Zoli

University of Rome Tor Vergata

Date Written: December 21, 2023

Abstract

In developed countries women have now achieved educational parity with men. Yet disparities persist in reaching top positions in the job market, with academia making no exception. This paper assesses the gender gap in career advancements in Italian universities over the 2013-2021 period, and explores the potential role of a third factor, i.e. mobility, besides competitiveness and scientific productivity typically investigated in the literature. The results, strongly robust, show a gender gap in advancements to associate professorship of about 4 percentage points, which is only partially explained by competitiveness, while scientific productivity and mobility do not seem to play a role. The estimated gender gap almost doubles for transitions to full professorship, and it remains unaffected when both competitiveness and scientific productivity are considered. Interestingly, mobility in this case matters: the gap is still there but (as much as 5 times) smaller when career advancements occur along with a move to a different University.

Keywords: gender gap, competitiveness, productivity, mobility, higher education, academia

JEL Classification: J16, J71

Suggested Citation

Brunetti, Marianna and Fabretti, Annalisa and Zoli, Mariangela, A Further Look at the Gender Gap in Italian Academic Careers (December 21, 2023). CEIS Working Paper No. 570, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4672108 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4672108

Marianna Brunetti (Contact Author)

Dept. Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

Via Columbia, 2
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://economia.uniroma2.it/en/def/faculty/178/brunetti-marianna

CEFIN ( email )

via Berengario 51
Modena, modena I-41100
Italy

Annalisa Fabretti

University Tor Vergata - Economia ( email )

Via Columbia 2
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

Mariangela Zoli

University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

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