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The Informational Content of an Open Limit Order Book

38 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2004  

Charles Cao

Pennsylvania State University

Oliver Hansch

Pennsylvania State University

Xiaoxin Wang Beardsley

Southern Illinois University

Date Written: March 15, 2004

Abstract

We assess the informational content of an open limit order book from three directions: (1) Does the limit order book allow better inferences about a security's value than simply the best bid and offer prices from the first step of the book? If it does, how much additional information can be gleaned from the book? (2) Are imbalances between the demand and supply schedules informative about future price movements? and (3) Does the shape of the limit order book impact traders' order submission strategies? Our empirical evidence suggests that the order book beyond the first step is informative - its information share is about 30%. The imbalance between demand and supply from step 2 to 10 provides additional power in explaining future short-term returns. Finally, traders do use the available information on the state of the book, not only from the first step, but also from other steps, when developing their order submission strategies.

Keywords: Limit order book, price discovery, order placement strategy, demand and supply

JEL Classification: G10, G12, G13

Suggested Citation

Cao, Charles and Hansch, Oliver and Wang Beardsley, Xiaoxin, The Informational Content of an Open Limit Order Book (March 15, 2004). AFA 2005 Philadelphia Meetings; EFA 2004 Maastricht Meetings Paper No. 4311. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=565324 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.565324

Charles Cao

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

Department of Finance
Smeal College of Business
University Park, PA 16802
United States
814-865-7891 (Phone)
814-865-3362 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.personal.psu.edu/qxc2/cao.html

Oliver Hansch (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University ( email )

609C Business Administration Building
University Park, PA 16802
United States

Xiaoxin Wang Beardsley

Southern Illinois University ( email )

Carbondale, IL 62901
United States

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