Annual Report Readability, Current Earnings, and Earnings Persistence
67 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2006
Date Written: September 15, 2006
This paper examines the relationship between annual report readability and firm performance and earnings persistence. This is motivated by the Securities and Exchange Commission's plain English disclosure regulations that attempt to make corporate disclosures easier to read for ordinary investors. I measure the readability of public company annual reports using both the Fog Index from computational linguistics and the length of the document. I find that the annual reports of firms with lower earnings are harder to read (i.e., they have higher Fog and are longer). Moreover, the positive earnings of firms with annual reports that are easier to read are more persistent. This suggests that managers may be opportunistically choosing the readability of annual reports to hide adverse information from investors.
Keywords: Disclosure, Annual report readability, Earnings Persistence
JEL Classification: D82, G18, M41, M45, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation