Portfolio Manager Ownership and Fund Performance
45 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2006
Date Written: August 10, 2006
This paper documents the level of portfolio manager ownership in the funds they manage and examines whether higher ownership is associated with improved future performance. Almost half of all managers have ownership stakes in their funds, though the absolute investment is modest. Future risk-adjusted performance is positively related to managerial ownership, with performance improving by about three basis points for each basis point of managerial ownership. These findings persist after controlling for various measures of fund board effectiveness. Fund manager ownership is higher in funds with better past performance, lower front-end loads, smaller size, funds affiliated with smaller families, and where the manager has been in charge for a longer period of time. It is also higher in funds with higher board member compensation and in equity funds relative to bond funds. Future performance is positively related to the component of ownership that can be predicted by other variables, as well as the unpredictable component. Our findings support the notion that managerial ownership has desirable incentive alignment attributes for mutual fund investors, and indicate that the disclosure of this information is useful in making portfolio allocation decisions.
Keywords: manager ownership, fund performance, mutual fund board
JEL Classification: G20, G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation