Why do Employees Participate in Employee Share Plans? A Conceptual Framework
26 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2008
Non-executive employees are increasingly being offered the opportunity to participate in employee share ownership plans. In many cases, companies provide their employees with shares or options as a 'gift', either on a one-off or regular basis. Many plans, however, are structured so as to require employees to contribute to the value of the securities. In the cases of contributory plans, the reasons why employees choose to participate are not always clear. This paper reviews existing studies and presents a conceptual framework to explain why employees participate in employee share plans. It examines the relationship between the decision to participate in a plan and a number of demographic and workplace-specific variables. It also identifies key factors that may moderate this relationship, such as the extent of company communication on the plan and company performance. This conceptual framework has been developed on the basis of a synthesis of previous studies and twelve semi-structured interviews conducted with human resource managers and trade union representatives within publicly listed companies.
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