The Business Model: Recent Developments and Future Research
40 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2011 Last revised: 21 Dec 2011
Date Written: February 7, 2011
The paper provides a broad and multifaceted review of the received literature on business models in which we examine the business model concept through multiple subject-matter lenses. The review reveals that scholars do not agree on what a business model is, and that the literature is developing largely in silos, according to the phenomena of interest to the respective researchers. However, we also found emerging common themes among scholars of business models. Specifically, 1) the business model is emerging as a new unit of analysis; 2) business models emphasize a system-level, holistic approach towards explaining how firms “do business”; 3) firm activities play an important role in the various conceptualizations of business models that have been proposed; and 4) business models seek to explain how value is created, not just how it is captured. These emerging themes could serve as catalysts towards a more unified study of business models.
Keywords: business model, strategy, technology management, innovation, literature review
JEL Classification: M00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation