An Empirical Examination of Heterogeneity and Switching in Foreign Exchange Markets
38 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2011 Last revised: 2 Mar 2017
Date Written: February 28, 2013
In order to study the expectation formation of financial institutions in the foreign exchange market we develop and apply a recursive selection and estimation algorithm to a dataset of surveyed foreign exchange market expectations. Responses are classified into two groups and forecasting models are endogenously determined within the groups. Estimation results reveal that a fundamentalist-chartist model is capable of explaining a large portion of foreign exchange market expectations. Allowing panelists to switch between models significantly improves the fit of the model, especially at the relatively shorter forecast horizons. We find that the fundamentalist model is increasingly used as the forecast horizon extends. Finally, results indicate that model choice is based on a combination of period-specific and individual-specific determinants.
Keywords: heterogeneity, discrete choice, foreign exchange, survey expectations
JEL Classification: F31, C35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation