Does International Migration Increase Child Labor?

64 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2012

See all articles by Anna S. De Paoli

Anna S. De Paoli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS)

Mariapia Mendola

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 1, 2012

Abstract

Global international migration may influence child labor through a labor market effect. We empirically investigate this issue by using an original cross-country survey dataset, which combines information on international emigration flows with detailed individual-level data on child labor at age 5-15 in a wide range of developing countries. By using variation in the emigration supply shocks across labor market units defined on the basis of both geography and skill, we estimate a set of child labor equations where the variable of interest is the interactive effect between parental skill and country-level emigration shocks. We measure the latter through different indicators including a direct measure of the relative skill composition of emigrants relative to the resident population in the country of origin. Overall, after controlling for a large set of individual-level characteristics, remittances, and country fixed effects, our findings are consistent with predictions and show that international out-migration may significantly reduce child labor in disadvantaged households through changes in the local labor market.

Keywords: International Migration, Child Labor, Factor Mobility, Crosscountry Survey Data

JEL Classification: F22, F1, J61

Suggested Citation

De Paoli, Anna S. and Mendola, Mariapia, Does International Migration Increase Child Labor? (July 1, 2012). Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano Development Studies Working Paper No. 339. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2149584 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2149584

Anna S. De Paoli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milan, 20126
Italy

Mariapia Mendola (Contact Author)

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via Conservatorio 7
Milano, 20122
Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milan, 20126
Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

U6 Building
Viale Piero e Alberto Pirelli, 22
Milano, 20126
Italy

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
17
Abstract Views
568
PlumX Metrics