Does International Migration Increase Child Labor?

64 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2013

See all articles by Anna S. De Paoli

Anna S. De Paoli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS)

Mariapia Mendola

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

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Date Written: June 1, 2012

Abstract

Global international migration may infl‡uence child labor through a labor market effect. We empirically investigate this issue by using an original cross-country survey dataset, which combines information on international emigration ‡flows with detailed individual-level data on child labor at age 5-15 in a wide range of developing countries. By using variation in the emigration supply shocks across labor market units defi…ned on the basis of both geography and skill, we estimate a set of child labor equations where the variable of interest is the interactive e¤ect between parental skill and country-level emigration shocks. We measure the latter through different indicators including a direct measure of the relative skill composition of emigrants relative to the resident population in the country of origin. Overall, after controlling for a large set of individual-level characteristics, remittances, and country fi…xed effects, our …findings are consistent with predictions and show that international out-migration may signifi…cantly reduce child labor in disadvantaged households through changes in the local labor market.

Keywords: International Migration, Child Labor, Factor Mobility, Cross-Country Survey Data

JEL Classification: F22, F1, J61

Suggested Citation

De Paoli, Anna S. and Mendola, Mariapia, Does International Migration Increase Child Labor? (June 1, 2012). University of Milan Bicocca Department of Economics, Management and Statistics Working Paper No. 231. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2295128 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2295128

Anna S. De Paoli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milan, 20126
Italy

Mariapia Mendola (Contact Author)

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via Conservatorio 7
Milano, 20122
Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milan, 20126
Italy

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Center for European Studies (CefES)

U6 Building
Viale Piero e Alberto Pirelli, 22
Milano, 20126
Italy

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